Every 4 minutes, one person in the United States is diagnosed with a blood cancer, including Hodgkin lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), leukemia or myeloma, which also accounts for 9 (nine) percent of the 1,529,560 new cancer cases in 2011. An estimated 8,830 men and women were diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma in 2011 in the United States, an increase from the 8,490 new cases of Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed in 2010. In January 2008, there were approximately 166,776 men (86,218) and women (80,558) alive who had a history of Hodgkin lymphoma. At the end of 2011, at least 21,530 people will succumb to the disease of Hodgkin lymphoma (1,320) and NHL (20,210).
The incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma is lower among middle age adults than in young adults, but increases in people 60 to 84 years. Between 2004 and 2008, the median age at diagnosis for Hodgkin lymphoma was 38 years of age, with nearly 32% of all people diagnosed between ages 20 and 34. During this same time, the five-year relative survival by race for white men was 83.3% and 77.2% for black men. Disproportionate racial trends in five-year relative survival rates are noted as all-race survival approached 87%, whereas black relative survival rates were and statistically significantly lower at 82% (P < 0.05). Nonetheless, racial data represents the diversity and the mixed heritage of the US population.
Hodgkin lymphoma affects bone marrow, blood cells, lymph nodes and other parts of the lymphatic system. According to the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, this cancer is likely the result of an acquired mutation to the genetic building block DNA of a single lymph- or blood-forming stem cell. The disease can be treated with radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy or stem cell transplantation, depending on individual patient factors. In the process of this disease, there is severe anemia, bleeding, and an impaired ability to fight infection. There may be remission of the cancer or death.
Lymphoma in Your Teens, Twenties and Thirties (2011). S. Seigel. Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases. Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles. http://www.presentme.com/FLASH/20080928LRFSiegel/
SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Hodgkin Lymphoma. (2011). Retrieved from: http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/hodg.html
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. (2011). Hodgkin Lymphoma. Retrieved from: http://www.lls.org/#/diseaseinformation/lymphoma/hodgkinlymphoma/
Facts 2010 – 2011 Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma. Retrieved from: http://www.lls.org/content/nationalcontent/resourcecenter/freeeducationmaterials/generalcancer/pdf/facts.pdf
Pattye Anderson, FNP PhD(c) Director